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Annie Johnson Named First Female Homebrewer of the Year in 30 Years

Annie Johnson Named First Female Homebrewer of the Year in 30 Years

Annie Johnson made female brewers proud with her award-winning light lager

Johnson's light lager won Best in Show at the National Homebrewers Conference.

It’s a proud moment for woman brewers everywhere.

Annie Johnson of Sacramento, Calif. beat 3,400 entries to become the first woman in 30 years to win the Homebrewer of the Year award at the 35th Annual National Homebrewers Conference in Philadelphia. Johnson, 48, was not able attend the conference in order to take care of her father who is seriously ill in hospice care. She found out the winning news on Saturday night, reports The Sacramento Bee.

Johnson’s prize-winning entry was her light lager, which won in 25 other style categories, taking the Best in Show award. This overall award then automatically designated her as Homebrewer of the Year.

“I knew my lagers were pretty good,” Johnson said to the Sacramento Bee Sunday. When speaking about the winning light lager, she says, “It’s definitely balanced. Because it’s so light, you can’t hide flaws in it.”

Johnson is an active member of the beer judging and education circuit, and has been a competitive home brewer for years.

Women in brewing

Women have been active in brewing since ancient times. Though Western societies have viewed brewing as a male-dominated field for the last 150 years, traditionally, it was an activity engaged in by women. Ethnographic and archaeological studies have shown that brewing was an outcropping of gathering or baking traditions, which were predominantly women's roles throughout the world. From the earliest evidence of brewing in 7000 BCE, until the commercialization of brewing during industrialization, women were the primary brewers on all inhabited continents. In many cultures, the deities, goddesses and protectors of brewers were female entities who were associated with fertility.

From the middle of the 18th century, many women were barred from participating in alcohol production and were relegated to roles as barmaids, pub operators, bottlers or secretaries for breweries. In less industrialized areas, they continued to produce homebrews and traditional alcoholic beverages. From the mid-20th century, women began working as chemists for brewing establishments. Beginning in the 1960s and 1970s, they began re-entering the field as craft brewers.

Annie Johnson Named First Female Homebrewer of the Year in 30 Years - Recipes

Like you, I have attended lots of beer events over the years. Some have been beer dinners presented by local bars or by breweries on the opposite coast. They have included homebrew competitions or great commercial classics like the Great American Beer Festival and the World Beer Cup. Beer has taken me to Montreal for the Mondial de la Biere, London for the Great British Beer Festival, and Anchorage for the Great Alaska Beer and Barley Wine Festival. I have even gone to the Netherlands for whiskey, but strangely enough, I had never been to the AHA National Homebrewers Conference … until now.

This was no ordinary convention. The NHC may be viewed as a one-of-a kind event – a show-of-shows that brings together diverse people, craftsmen, and homebrew clubs from across the country. It was the ultimate mix, which some referred to as a supersized Star Trek Convention. Perhaps it was.

Organized by the American Homebrewers Association and directed by Gary Glass, the 2013 National Homebrewers Conference is designed for maximum activity spread throughout three-and-a-half power-packed days. It included the National Homebrewers Competition seminars on technical processes, ingredients and pairings the Keynote Speech a Trade Show in the setting of the Social Club Pro-Brewers Night Club Night the sharing of commemorative and collaborative beers an Industry Workshop book signings and the Grand Banquet and Awards Ceremony.

This was the 35th year for the annual conference. Pro Brewers Night welcomed 3,400 attendees on the floor of the Pennsylvania Convention Center, kicked-off with a toast by Charlie Papazian, President of the Brewers Association and the Godfather of the Homebrewers Movement in the United States.

The Homebrew Competition

Early on, a dedicated group of judges evaluated 894 entries in the final round of the National Homebrew Competition. These entries were the cream of the crop, selected from eleven regional competitions in which 7,756 entries from 2,187 homebrewers were judged across the United States and Canada. It included 28 style categories, for beer, mead and cider.

Notable Awards at the 2013 National Homebrew Competition

Ninkasi Award: David Barber of Orwigsburg, PA – Note: David won two gold medals during the competition for his Hefeweizen in the German Wheat and Rye category and his American Barleywine in the Strong Ale category. He amassed the most points during the competition.

Homebrewer of the Year: Annie Johnson of Sacramento, CA – Note: Annie brewed a Lite Lager that won Best of Show. Judges commented that it was such a delicate style, it would have been impossible to hide any flaws. Annie was the first woman to win Homebrewer of the Year in 30 years.

Meadmaker of the Year: Mark Tanner of Oak Harbor, WA
Cidermaker of the Year: Tavish and Laura Sullivan of Bothell, WA
Homebrew Club of the Year: The Brewing Network of Martinez, CA
Gambrinus Club Award: Lehigh Valley Homebrewers of Bethlehem, PA
2013 AHA Recognition Award, presented by Justin Crossley of the Brewing Network: Chris White of White Labs - Crossley noted, “It’s the little things that count – things like YEAST!”
2013 AHA Lallemand Scholarship Drawing, presented by Keith Lemke: David Mullin

Seminars, Keynote and Club Night

During the conference, Seminars were held in a variety of Salons in the Philadelphia Marriott Downtown. These encompassed such technical topics as “Methods of Creating and Maintaining a Wild House Culture” or “Brewing With Induction,” as well as taste-centric presentations such as “Hops vs. Malt: A Smackdown with Cheese” by cheese maven Janet Fletcher of the San Francisco Chronicle or “Mead and Chocolate: Experience Excellence,” by Berniece Van Der Berg and Michael Fairbrother of Moonlight Meadery of New Hampshire.

Tom Peters, owner of Monk’s Café, the Belgian Café, Nodding Head and Grace Tavern, delivered the Keynote Address to a packed house of 3,000. He spoke of his discovery into the world of Belgian Beer and the adventuresome spirit that compelled him to bring Chimay to America. Since then, his path has led to collaborations, knighthood into the Belgian Brewers Guild and his 2013 honor as Philly Beer Scene Humanitarian Award recipient.

Club Night showcased the strengths of homebrew clubs across the country. Each club designed and constructed a “setting” to highlight the focus of their club, as well as the beers that form the foundation of their membership. Barley Legal built an old-time saloon, with their name in lights, while homebrewers from other clubs crowded around to submerge themselves in the magic. The Lehigh Valley Homebrewers played out their deal with a Prohibition-style speakeasy, while members caroused in period dress. The ALEiens boasted their accomplishments, including four members of their club winning the Philly Beer Geek title (in 6 years), the launch of one movie (Beeradelphia), the launch of 2 breweries (Neshaminy Creek and Naked Brewing) and four awards for their home base, the Hulmeville Inn, as Best Bar in the Burbs.

Among such Acronyms as BARF, WHALES, BUZZ, CRABS, and YAHA, it was easy to connect with others sharing a common purpose, each with an eye on capturing the Pissoir d’Or Award, a golden sculpture with tap and drainage that distilled its true worth in the blink of an eye. This dedication to homebrewing may be more of an obsession than a hobby, but its true value lies in the camaraderie it creates in the national beer scene.

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Woman gets J&J shot minutes before ‘pause’ was announced, CDC says side effects are extremely rare

CHARLOTTE, N.C. (WBTV) - The FDA and the CDC continue to say the severe blood clot side effect possibly linked to the Johnson and Johnson vaccine is extremely rare.

There are six reported cases and more than 6.8 million American have received the Johnson and Johnson vaccine so far.

But still, it’s making some people wonder if they will have severe side effects, like Madison Turner.

Turner had an appointment on Tuesday morning.

After she got the vaccine, she checked her phone and saw the news announcing the FDA and the CDC “paused” the use of the vaccine just after it went into her arm.

What was supposed to the moment of relief quickly turned into her having a lot of questions.

“I mean that first moment I was ‘what are the chances?’ If this came 4 or 5 minutes earlier I could have been like ‘I don’t know,’” said Turner. “A little shocking of information to get.”

She’s feeling fine and said after reading how truly rare the severe blood clot side effect is. she would do it the same way all over again.

“I mean now I know what to be aware of. They say it’s between 6 and 13 days if symptoms show, but there’s nothing I can do now. I’m happy to be vaccinated,” Turner said.

Six women out of more than 6.8 million people reported a severe blood clot after getting the J & J one dose vaccine.

“I’d still get it again if Johnson and Johnson was the only one available to me,” Turner said. “I was happy to be one and done. I think do you research and know what is in each one and just do the pros and cons that way.”

The FDA says if you recently got the vaccine, you should monitor for any severe symptoms like a severe headache that won’t go away or any arm or leg pain. If that’s the case you should immediately talk to a doctor.

If you had the vaccine more than two weeks ago, health officials say you should be in the clear.

PicoBrew’s Latest Kickstarter Project Brings Homebrewing to Everyone

PicoBrew was founded in Seattle in 2010 by brothers Bill and Jim Mitchell, a former Microsoft executive and food scientist, along with engineer Avi Geiger. Combining their food science and technology expertise with their passion for homebrewing, they set out to improve the craft beer brewing process for small producers and homebrewers.

The goal was to create a small-scale brewing machine that would improve on the precision, repeatability and overall quality of the home-brewing experience. The first result was the PicoBrew Zymatic, which has since been awarded three patents, with more than a dozen others pending. The team didn&rsquot stop there, however. They are focused on democratizing the home-brewing process and making it as simple as possible for anyone, even those with zero experience, to brew high-quality beer.

PicoBrew&rsquos latest project, the Pico Model C, makes craft brewing easier, more affordable and more fun than ever. The model C is a smart craft beer brewing appliance that allows you to brew 5L kegs. You can check out the Kickstarter by clicking here. The Pico C reached its funding goal in a mere seven hours. This is thanks to PicoBrew&rsquos reputation for innovation and high-quality, reliable machines. During the campaign&rsquos lifespan, PicoBrew raised 1.9M on Kickstarter. Clearly beer and homebrew lovers are believers. Even if you missed the Kickstarter, you can still pre-order the Pico C with an ETA of November 2017 &ndash just in time for the holidays. Make delicious beer at home and avoid the holiday rush&hellipyou can&rsquot lose!

When PicoBrew was looking to transform the home-brewing process, it turned to SOLIDWORKS to design its revolutionary countertop device. &ldquoWe&rsquore always innovating at Picobrew and trying to deliver that in the shortest time possible,&rdquo Avi said. &ldquo SOLIDWORKS helps us build complex machines where every part needs to fit and function, and that&rsquos something worth raising a glass of fresh craft beer to.&rdquo

As for the beer itself, it is brewed using PicoPaks. Each PicoPak contains all the grains and hops needed to brew a delicious batch of fresh craft beer. The beers are created from award-winning recipes from their brewery partners all over the globe allowing you to brew their beer in your home! When I&rsquom on vacation, I love to try new beers but sadly not all of them are available in my area. PicoBrew makes this problem a thing of the past and its brewing partners include famous names such as Abita Brewing, 21 st Amendment, and Rogue, just to name a few. They also offer a selection of PicoPaks from their own line of killer recipes, created by Master Brewer Annie Johnson. Annie was the first woman to be honored as the American Homebrewer Association&rsquos prestigious Homebrewer of the Year award.

If you love the idea of home brewing, but feel intimidated by the home-brewing process, the Pico Model C is the choice for you. They make brewing beer at home practically foolproof. Better yet, the company makes brewing your own fresh craft beer even more affordable, simple and fun. SOLIDWORKS users create truly amazing products. We&rsquove seen everything from space travel to ocean cleanup technology. I must say, giving me the tools to successfully brew delicious craft beer has to be up there with landing a man on the moon.

Support the Kickstarter today! Reserve your machine and when your Pico C is ready, you&rsquoll be turning around 5L kegs in a matter of weeks and the results will be delicious. Click here to check out the Pico C!

Is Craft Beer Still Too White?

On the website Stuff White People Like, “Microbreweries” clocks in at No. 23. In this 2013 NPR article, food historian Frederick Douglas Opie explains that craft beer is like a lot of things in the food industry, which, “as they grow popular, become very hip, yuppie, and white.” The title of a Thrillist article from 2015 reads, “There Are Almost No Black People Brewing Craft Beer. Here’s Why” (the answer seems to be: social injustice and deep-rooted racism).

For years, people have been bemoaning the lack of diversity in craft beer. The hand-wringing is understandable. A lack of diversity in any industry is a crying shame, especially in the alcohol industry, which poses so many opportunities to learn from and get to know different kinds of people.

Craft beer poses a particularly unique opportunity. “It is an affordable luxury,” Gonzalo Quintero, a lecturer on craft beer at San Diego State University, told the San Diego Union Tribune. “Craft beer is the great equalizer.”

36 Gifts and Gadgets For Anyone Who Loves Drinks

But has the craft beer industry really failed to get more diverse?

The short answer is no. It has gotten a bit more diverse, both on the production end and on the consumption end. According to a study conducted by the Brewer’s Association, lower-income households and Hispanic populations are starting to consume more craft beer. Celeste Beatty, the African-American owner of Harlem Brewing Co., started distributing her beer to Wal-Mart this year, and a startup based in Atlanta called High Gravity Hip Hop hosts a hip hop beer festival with the tagline, “Where craft beer meets real MCs.”

“The beer doesn’t care what color you are,” Annie Johnson told me.

Johnson is a brewer at PicoBrew. In 2013, she was both the first female and the first African-American to win Homebrewer of the Year. She says she’s more concerned with the color of the beer than the color of the brewer’s skin. Johnson also believes it’s inevitable that with time, more people of color will become fans of craft beer, especially if the growth in the Pink Boots Society membership is any indicator. It all comes down to exposure, Johnson says, which is a tough barrier to break when big breweries (think lager) like to limit that exposure.

But the diversification of craft beer hasn’t been only on the production end of things. Nor has the pressure to diversify come exclusively from media outlets. Like all businesses, for craft beer to grow, it has to diversify its consumer base, and to that end, breweries are beginning to steer away from the stereotypical image of craft beer drinkers as bearded Brooklynites. This process begins by diversifying the taste of craft beer — and adopting tech industry strategies like idea incubators. With the backing capital of The Boston Beer Company and the beer brains of Magic Hat’s Alan Newman, a craft beer incubator called Alchemy & Science was born. The guys behind A & S did demographic research and have opened breweries like Angel City Brewery and Concrete Beach Brewing in Latino-centric populations, offering “innovative styles for their communities.”

Big names like Boston Beer aren’t the only ones recognizing the need to cater to people of color. Border X Brewing in San Diego boasts being a “unique, creative, one of a kind Mexican craft beer” establishment that sells adjunct (flavored) beers “like crazy” to its Hispanic customers. And owner Felipe Oliveria of Percival Beer Company purposely caters to ethnic minorities in Boston with beers that mimic popular Mexican and European lagers.

Is the diversification of craft beer progressing as it should be? It’s definitely trying. The Brewers Association gets questions about diversity all the time, and in response, program director Julia Herz says the association is actively planning for future inclusiveness. While she has told media outlets over and over that “beer has no gender and no ethnicity,” in her recent article, “Embracing Diversity in the Beer Biz,” Herz outlines the need for the craft beer world to look beyond the white male. The public’s bemoaning of the whiteness of craft beer has sparked legitimate plans for discussions, surveys, and data surrounding diversity in beer that, Herz hopes, will establish a “more inclusive path forward.”

Roselawn shooting victim, 20, remembered as ‘joyful’ man with bright future

PADDOCK HILLS, Ohio (FOX19) - As Cincinnati police continue to search for whoever fatally shot Ethaniel Holmes, family and friends on Monday night gathered for a vigil to honor the 20-year-old.

The shooting in Roselawn happened early Friday on Brookcrest Drive. Police found Holmes shot in a car. First responders pronounced him dead at the scene.

No arrests have been made.

Holmes was a young father of two.

“Without him, I don’t know where we’re gonna be,” Devin Johnson, a close friend, told FOX19 NOW.

Pateeser Jackson, one of Cincinnati’s first female firefighters, got to know Holmes through the Cincinnati Fire Department Explorers Program. She’d known him since he was 9.

“He was very charismatic and joyful. gregarious. just a wonderful, wonderful young man who had a bright future,” Jackson said.

Johnson was also in fire program with Holmes. He recalled a particular memory at the vigil.

“It would be the one where we had to run down the tower downtown on West Liberty and Linn, tower one-to-seven, with all that gear one, it’s a struggle,” Johnson said. “Some people would be scared to go all the way to the seventh floor and look dow, but everything you want is on the other side of fear. We got that through him, and he did that.”

Bryan Chalk was another of Holmes’s friend.

“I hope that something comes about this soon to get this man off the streets, because he didn’t deserve that at all,” Chalk said.

Speaking to the shooter, Johnson said, “Could’ve done something else, just put the guns down. You could’ve done something else. You didn’t have to shoot him.”

Family and friends say Holmes was known for putting others before himself.

“He would always just be energetic,” Johnson said. “He would always wanna do anything someone would want to tell him to do. He was always right there.”

Anyone with information is asked to call the Homicide Unit at 513-352-3542.

See a spelling or grammar error in our story? Click here to report it. Please include title of story.


Widow Bea Pullman (Claudette Colbert) and her two-year-old daughter Jessie (Juanita Quigley) are having a rough morning. Jessie demands her “quack quack” (her rubber duck) and doesn’t want to go to the day nursery. She must: Her mother is continuing her husband’s business, selling heavy cans of maple syrup door to door, and making very little money. Black housekeeper Delilah Johnson (Louise Beavers) has also had a bad morning. She misread an advertisement and came to the wrong house—Bea’s. Trying to reach her duck, Jessie falls fully clothed into the bathtub, and Bea runs upstairs. When she returns, Delilah has fixed breakfast. Delilah explains that no one wants a housekeeper with a child, and introduces her daughter Peola (Sebie Hendricks), whose fair complexion conceals her ancestry. Bea can’t begin to afford help, so Delilah offers to keep house in exchange for room and board. The four quickly become like family. They all particularly enjoy Delilah's pancakes, made from a secret family recipe.

Bea uses her business wiles to get a storefront and living quarters on the boardwalk refurbished on credit, and they open a pancake restaurant where Delilah and Bea cook in the front window. (Signage indicates that they are on the Jersey Shore in Pleasantville. A title card mentioning Atlantic City was removed. See below.)

Five years later, they are debt-free. The little girls are good friends, but one day Jessie (Marilyn Knowlden) calls Peola (Dorothy Black) "black." Peola runs into the apartment declaring that she is not black, won’t be black, and that it is her mother who makes her black. Cradling her weeping daughter, Delilah tells Bea that this is simply the truth, and Peola has to learn to live with it. Peola’s father, a light-skinned African American, had the same struggle, and it broke him. Delilah receives another blow when she finds out that Peola has been “passing” at school.

One day, Elmer Smith (Ned Sparks), a hungry passerby, offers Bea a two-word idea in exchange for a meal: "Box it [the flour]." Bea hires him, and they set up the hugely successful "Delilah’s Pancake Flour" business. Delilah refuses to sign the incorporation papers, and when Bea tells her that she can now afford her own home, Delilah is crushed. She does not want to break up the family. So the two friends continue to live together, and Bea puts Delilah’s share in the bank.

Ten years pass. Both women are wealthy and share a mansion in New York City. Delilah becomes a mainstay of the African-American community, supporting many lodges [6] and charitable organizations and her church. She tries to give Peola every advantage, including sending her to a fine Negro college in the South, but Peola runs away.

Meanwhile, Elmer arranges for Bea to meet a handsome ichthyologist, Stephen Archer (Warren William) they hit it off immediately and plan to marry. Then eighteen-year-old Jessie (Rochelle Hudson) comes home on college vacation, and during the five days it takes for Bea and Delilah to find Peola, she falls in love with Stephen.

Peola (Fredi Washington) has taken a job in a segregated restaurant, serving white customers only, in Virginia. When her mother and Bea find her, she denies Delilah.

Peola finally tells her mother that she is going away, never to return, so she can pass as a white woman—and if they meet on the street, her mother must not speak to her. Delilah is heartbroken and takes to her bed, murmuring Peola's name and forgiving her before eventually succumbing to heartbreak.

Delilah has the grand funeral she always wanted, with marching bands and a horse-drawn white silk hearse, and all the lodges processing in a slow march. The coffin is carried from the church to the hearse through the saber arch of an honor guard, and a remorseful, sobbing Peola rushes to embrace it, begging her dead mother to forgive her. Bea and Jessie gather her into their arms and take her into the car with them.

Peola decides to return to college. Bea asks Stephen to wait, promising to come to him after Jessie is over her infatuation. At the end, Bea starts to tell Jessie about her insistent demands for her "quack quack" and the day they met Delilah.

    as Beatrice "Bea" Pullman as Stephen "Steve" Archer as Jessie Pullman, age 18 as Elmer Smith as Delilah Johnson as Peola Johnson, age 19
  • Dorothy Black as Peola Johnson, age 9 as Baby Jessie Pullman, age 3 as Jessie Pullman, age 8 as Martin, the Furniture Man as The Painter as Jarvis, Beatrice's Butler as Englishman at Party (uncredited) as Butler at Party (uncredited) as Mrs. Craven (uncredited)
  • Child actress Jane Withers has a small part as a classmate of Peola, her fifth film appearance. appears uncredited as the landlord of the restaurant Bea rents. appears uncredited as "Mr. Carven"

Fannie Hurst's inspiration in writing her novel Imitation of Life was a road trip to Canada she took with her friend, the African-American short-story writer and folklorist Zora Neale Hurston. The novel was originally to be called Sugar House but was changed just before publication. [7] Molly Hiro of the University of Portland wrote that the script of this film "closely followed" the storyline of the original novel. [8]

Universal borrowed Warren William from Warner Bros. for the male lead, but the studio had first wanted Paul Lukas for the part. [9] The parents of the child playing "Jessie" as a baby changed her name from "Baby Jane" to "Juanita Quigley" during production of the film. [9] Claudette Colbert was borrowed from Paramount. [ citation needed ]

Universal had difficulty receiving approval from the censors at the Hays Office for the original script they submitted for Imitation of Life. [10] Joseph Breen objected to the elements of miscegenation in the story, which "not only violates the Production Code but is very dangerous from the standpoint both of industry and public policy." [9] He rejected the project, writing, "Hurst's novel dealing with a partly colored girl who wants to pass as white violates the clause covering miscegenation in spirit, if not in fact!" [11] The Production Code Administration's (PCA) censors had difficulty in "negotiating how boundaries of racial difference should be cinematically constructed to be seen, and believed, on the screen." [11]

Their concern was the character of Peola, in whose person miscegenation was represented by this young woman considered black, but with sufficient white ancestry to pass as white and the desire to do so. Susan Courtney says that the PCA participated in "Hollywood's ongoing desire to remake interracial desire, an historical fact, as always already having been a taboo." [11] In addition, she explains the quandary imagined by the censors: "the PCA reads Peola's light skin, and her passing, as signifiers of 'miscegenation.' By conflating miscegenation and passing in this way, the censors effectively attempt to extend the Code's ban on desire across black and white racial boundaries to include a ban on identification across those boundaries as well." [11]

They also objected to some language in the script, and a scene where a young black man is nearly lynched for approaching a white woman who he believed had invited his attention. Breen continued to refuse to approve the script up to July 17, when the director had already been shooting the film for two weeks. [9] Ultimately the ending of the film differed from the novel. While in the novel Peola leaves the area never to return, in the film she returns, going to her mother's funeral and showing remorse. A scene stated by Hiro to be "virtually identical" was used in the second film adaptation. [8]

Imitation of Life was in production from June 27 to September 11, 1934, and was released on November 26 of that year. [12]

All versions of Imitation of Life issued by Universal after 1938, including TV, VHS and DVD versions, feature re-done title cards in place of the originals. Missing from all of these prints is a title card with a short prologue, which was included in the original release. It read:

Atlantic City, in 1919, was not just a boardwalk, rolling-chairs and expensive hotels where bridal couples spent their honeymoons. A few blocks from the gaiety of the famous boardwalk, permanent citizens of the town lived and worked and reared families just like people in less glamorous cities. [13]

The scene in which Elmer approaches Bea with the idea to sell Delilah's pancake mix to retail customers refers to a legend about the origins of Coca-Cola's success. It has been credited with strengthening the urban myth about the secret of Coke's success – that is, to "bottle it". [14]

TCM's Jeff Stafford observes that this film “was ahead of its time in presenting single women as successful entrepreneurs in a business traditionally run by men.” [15]

The themes of the film, to the modern eye, deal with very important issues—passing, the role of skin color in the black community and tensions between its light-skinned and dark-skinned members, the role of black servants in white families, and maternal affection.

Some scenes seem to have been filmed to highlight the fundamental unfairness of Delilah's social position—for example, while living in Bea's fabulous NYC mansion, Delilah descends down the shadowy stairs to the basement where her rooms are. Bea, dressed in the height of fashion, floats up the stairs to her rooms, whose luxury was built from the success of Delilah's recipe. Others highlight the similarities between the two mothers, both of whom adore their daughters and are brought to grief by the younger women's actions. Some scenes seem to mock Delilah, because of her supposed ignorance about her financial interests and her willingness to be in a support role, but the two women have built an independent business together. In dying and in death—especially with the long processional portraying a very dignified African-American community—Delilah is treated with great respect.

According to Jean-Pierre Coursodon in his essay on John M. Stahl in American Directors,

Fredi Washington . reportedly received a great deal of mail from young blacks thanking her for having expressed their intimate concerns and contradictions so well. One may add that Stahl's film was somewhat unique in its casting of a black actress in this kind of part – which was to become a Hollywood stereotype of sorts. [16]

Later films dealing with mulatto women, including the 1959 remake of Imitation of Life, often cast white women in the roles. [16]

TCM's Jeff Stafford, observing that "Imitation of Life is certainly one of [Beavers’] best performances and should have been nominated for an Oscar", recalled that when the picture came out, "Columnist Jimmy Fiddler [sic] was one of many who objected to this oversight and wrote, 'I also lament the fact that the motion picture industry has not set aside racial prejudice in naming actresses. I don't see how it is possible to overlook the magnificent portrayal of the Negro actress, Louise Beavers, who played the mother in Imitation of Life. If the industry chooses to ignore Miss Beavers' performance, please let this reporter, born and bred in the South, tender a special award of praise to Louise Beavers for the finest performance of 1934." [18]

At the time of the picture’s release, Variety observed: "[The] most arresting part of the picture and overshadowing the conventional romance . is the tragedy of Aunt Delilah's girl born to a white skin and Negro blood. This subject has never been treated upon the screen before. . It seems very probable the picture may make some slight contribution to the cause of greater tolerance and humanity in the racial question." [10] "Picture is stolen by the Negress, Beavers, whose performance is masterly. This lady can troupe. She takes the whole scale of human emotions from joy to anguish and never sounds a false note." [19]

The Literary Digest review at the time noted that "In Imitation of Life, the screen is extremely careful to avoid its most dramatic theme, obviously because it fears its social implications. . The real story [is] . that of the beautiful and rebellious daughter of the loyal negro friend. . Obviously she is the most interesting person in the cast. They [the producers] appear to be fond of her mother, because she is of the meek type of old-fashioned Negro that, as they say, 'knows his place', but the daughter is too bitter and lacking in resignation for them." [10]

In 2005, Imitation of Life was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry of the Library of Congress. In February 2007 Time magazine included it among The 25 Most Important Films on Race, as part of the magazine's celebration of Black History Month. [4]

Hiro wrote that the film served "as a classic melodrama" which used a "melodramatic mode" and therefore got a reputation where in the ending scene "everyone cries". [20]

Both the original 1934 film and its remake were issued in 2003 on a double-sided DVD from Universal Home Entertainment. The film as well as the 1959 remake were re-released on DVD and Blu-ray as part of Universal's 100th Anniversary on January 10, 2012.

Moderna Vaccine May Work for 'a Couple of Years'

Jan. 8, 2021 -- The Moderna vaccine -- one of two vaccines now being distributed in the United States -- will “potentially” provide protection against COVID-19 for several years, the biotech company’s CEO said, according to Reuters.

But Stephane Bancel said the Massachusetts-based Moderna will have to conduct more research to be definitive about how long the vaccine will work. Because coronavirus vaccines are new, health experts aren’t sure how long they’ll be effective.

“The nightmare scenario that was described in the media in the spring with a vaccine only working a month or two is, I think, out of the window,” Bancel said at an event organized by the Franco-German financial services group Oddo BHF.

“The antibody decay generated by the vaccine in humans goes down very slowly (. ) We believe there will be protection potentially for a couple of years.”

Bancel went on to predict Moderna would soon prove its vaccine would work against coronavirus variants found in the United Kingdom and other nations, Reuters said.

The U.S. government approved the Moderna vaccine for distribution in the United States on Dec. 17, one week after approving the Pfizer/BioNTech vaccine. Both are now being administered in the United States and the Moderna vaccine was recently approved by the European Commission.

Moderna and Pfizer both use two shots of messenger RNA to create an immune response against the coronavirus. The shots are given about two weeks apart.

Moderna said its vaccine had proven to be 94.1% effective, and 100% effective in severe cases of COVID-19. Pfizer says its vaccine has a similar efficacy, 95%.

The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services has agreed to purchase 200 million doses of Moderna’s vaccine and could purchase more.

Despite increasing coronavirus case counts and deaths, distribution of the coronavirus vaccine has lagged in the United States. The CDC says 17.2 million doses have been distributed to the states as of Dec. 6, but only 5.3 million doses have been administered.

Vaccines being produced by AstraZeneca and Johnson & Johnson are still in clinical trials.


Reuters. “Moderna CEO says vaccine likely to protect for 'couple of years' “

Johnson Historical Records

What Johnson family records will you find?

There are 8 million census records available for the last name Johnson. Like a window into their day-to-day life, Johnson census records can tell you where and how your ancestors worked, their level of education, veteran status, and more.

There are 949,000 immigration records available for the last name Johnson. Passenger lists are your ticket to knowing when your ancestors arrived in the USA, and how they made the journey - from the ship name to ports of arrival and departure.

There are 1 million military records available for the last name Johnson. For the veterans among your Johnson ancestors, military collections provide insights into where and when they served, and even physical descriptions.

There are 8 million census records available for the last name Johnson. Like a window into their day-to-day life, Johnson census records can tell you where and how your ancestors worked, their level of education, veteran status, and more.

There are 949,000 immigration records available for the last name Johnson. Passenger lists are your ticket to knowing when your ancestors arrived in the USA, and how they made the journey - from the ship name to ports of arrival and departure.

There are 1 million military records available for the last name Johnson. For the veterans among your Johnson ancestors, military collections provide insights into where and when they served, and even physical descriptions.